Актуальная Медицина - ADDISON'S DISEASE

Это важно.

Мы предлагаем удобный сервис для тех, кто хочет купить – продать: земельный участок, дом, квартиру, коммерческую или элитную недвижимость в Крыму. http://crimearealestat.ucoz.ru/ Перепечатка материалов разрешена только при условии прямой гиперссылки http://allmedicine.ucoz.com/

Поиск

Реклама

Statistics


Онлайн всего: 1
Гостей: 1
Пользователей: 0

Нас смотрят

free counters

Ссылки.

Мы предлагаем удобный сервис для тех, кто хочет купить – продать: земельный участок, дом, квартиру, коммерческую или элитную недвижимость в Крыму. http://crimearealestat.ucoz.ru/

Чат

ADDISON'S DISEASE The cause of Addi­son's disease is a deficiency of the adrenocorti­cal hormones cortisql, aldosterone and androgens due to destruction of the adrenal cortex. It occurs in about 1:25,000 of the population. Although the destruction of the adrenal cortex in Addison's original descrip­tion was due to tuberculosis, a much more common cause today is auto-immune damage. Rare causes of Addison's disease include meta­stases from carcinoma, usually of the bron­chus, granulomata and haemochromatosis.

Symptoms The clinical symptoms appear slowly and depend on the severity of the underlying disease process. The patient usually complains of anorexia, nausea, weakness, tiredness and loss of weight. The skin becomes pigmentated due to the increased production of acth. Faint-ness, especially on standing, is due to postural hypotension secondary to aldosterone defi­ciency. Women lose their axillary hair and both sexes are liable to develop mental symp­toms such as depression. Acute episodes -Addisonian crises - may occur, brought on by infection, injury or other stressful events; they are caused by a fall in aldosterone levels, leading to abnormal loss of sodium and water via the kidneys, dehydration, low blood pres­sure and confusion. Patients may develop in­creased tanning of the skin from extra pigmentation, with black or blue discoloration of the skin, lips, mouth, rectum and vagina occurring, anorexia, nausea and vomiting are common and the sufferer may feel cold.

Diagnosis depends on demonstrating impaired serum levels of Cortisol and inability of these levels to rise after an injection of ACTH.

Treatment consists in replacement of the defi­cient hormones - hydrocortisone is commonly used - and this enables patients to lead a completely normal life and to enjoy a normal life expectancy. Treatment of any complicating infections such as tuberculosis is essential. Sometimes diabetes mellitus coexists with Addison's disease and must be treated.

Secondary adrenal insufficiency may occur in panhypopituitarism , in patients treated with corticosteroids or after such patients have stopped treatment.

Раскрутка сайта - регистрация в каталогах PageRank Checking Icon Яндекс цитирования